Malaria

 

 

Malaria fever causes signs symptoms treatment and prevention of malaria:


An infection caused via the Parasite Plasmodium is called Malaria. The main malaria parasite that cause humans is Plasmodium falciparum and other parasites causing malaria are Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium oval and Plasmodium malaria.


Malaria is a deadly disease transmitted mainly by the mosquito vector Anopheles called women. Malaria causes high fever with chills and severe sick. Millions of persons contract malaria each year worldwide and almost one million death arise due to infectious diseases malaria. Malaria is a disease primarily through blood and red blood cells be affected via malaria parasite infection.


Malaria is found mainly in developing countries has evolved and has important health issue. Young children are more deaths due to malaria parasitic transferable disease. be short of information to prevent disease, illiteracy and lack of income has turn out to be the major difficulty for preventing malaria in developing countries.


The hot climate environment promotes disease transmission of malaria. Malaria is found throughout the world, primarily in humid and sub humid nations. Malaria parasites in the mosquito host and the expansion of mosquitoes take place within the body of the mosquito. The warm climate favours the maturity of the malaria parasite.


Causes and transmission of malaria:


The infected female Anopheles mosquito be the key intermediary causes of malaria transmission. Only people infected female Anopheles bite be able to cause malaria, not all mosquito bites. Malaria is infected when it bites an infected person against malaria. When the infected mosquito bites a fit individual, transmits the virus. In 7-10 days infected mosquito, the individual has symptoms of malaria.
After towards the inside the person body, malaria parasite begins to mature and multiply in the liver. The phase between the entrance of the body for the body and the organization of the disease is known as the incubation period. During the incubation period the individual has no symptoms. After growing up in the liver, the malaria parasite enters the blood cells and red blood damage. The breakdown of red blood cells and releases the toxin the toxin causes the symptoms of malaria for example fever with chills and intense symptoms of flu-like malaria.
As a disease by blood, malaria infection can be transmitted by blood transfusion, the make use of needles/syringes tainted with malaria parasite, organ transplantation etc. Anyone who live in the Nation or region of high potential malaria transmission can catch malaria, regardless of age, race and sex.


Symptoms of malaria:


Fever chills wit h the main signs and symptoms of malaria. The high temperature causes chills over time in the evening or night. Headaches, body pains and fatigue are symptoms associated with malaria. Nausea and vomiting be also symptoms of malaria. General malaise be also known by the malaria patients. Untreated malaria causes the obliteration of red blood cells & can cause anemia and jaundice signs and symptoms of malaria.


Signs of severe malaria: Unconsciousness/coma, Recurrent generalized convulsions, Pulmonary edema, Citrus with anemia or jaundice,
Key signs of the disease untreated malaria parasite severe malarial fever are Renal failure and metabolic acidosis.


Diagnostic tests: Peripheral blood smear test for Malarial parasite. Rapid antigen test for malaria is the main fact for diagnostic tests for malaria fever.


Treatment of disease malaria: Infection with malaria p. vivax or P. falciparum parasite is treated with chloroquine. The therapeutic dose of chloroquine to treat malaria is 7 to 8 mg / kg per day. Relapse of malaria is if malaria is caused by Plasmodium vivax parasite.
Adequate rest and anti-pyretic could be given to reduce fever and malaria. Treatment reduces fever chills associated with malaria.
Nutritious food supplement and medicines to help the speedy recovery of the fever of malaria.


Prevention of malaria fever:Protect against mosquito bites is the best option for the prevention of malaria. As is common mosquito bite during the night, protection against mosquitoes is important in the field of mosquito in sight. Use mosquito nets while sleeping to avoid mosquito bites and prevent malaria infection by parasites. Use anti-malarial drugs, earlier, when the disease is diagnosed, which contributes to the prevention of the transmission of malaria. Use all preventive measures to control mosquito breeding. The measures include the maintenance of hygienic environment and destroying breeding. Insecticide spraying to prevent mosquito breeding and to destroy the mosquito is very useful in the prevention of malaria.
The gas kills mosquitoes and bats electronic have proven their effectiveness in killing mosquitoes and contributes to the prevention of the disease malaria.