Lyme Disease

 

 

An infection that is transmitted to human through a tick bite is called Lyme disease. When a person walks in a forest, or exercise a profession that requires him to be in contact with the wood, it can catch the disease, and sometimes even without knowing it. Indeed, the tick that is found in wooded areas, do not hesitate to bite in order to feed, since it needs blood to live.


Someone who just returned from a walk in the woods or activity conducted a forest should look good every corner of his body when she returned home, to make sure it is not the victim of a tick bite. Often, the tick bites in areas where we do not always think to look, as in the groin or neck. In case of doubt, it is best to visit your doctor who will provide advice, solutions, and care appropriate to the situation. Lyme disease is widespread, both nationally and throughout the world, and it is very treatable, but it is desirable to treat the disease immediately to prevent the disease spreading.

 

Symptoms of Lyme disease:


Lyme disease is an infection that caused by the bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi. This bacterium is transmitted to humans through the tick bite. The signs of the disease are characterized by three distinct stages separated by periods longer or shorter during which time disease does not manifest itself.

 

The first phase:

 

Three to thirty days after the bite appears redness at the bite. The redness gradually spreads in a circular or oval and may reach up to 50 cm. The edge of the lesion is redder than the center which incorporates may be in the appearance of normal skin. The lesion does not cause itching. Events such as headaches, joint pain, slight increase in temperature and fatigue may occur at this stage. Glands may occur in the area near the bite, Without treatment, the lesion evolves as shown for several weeks and then disappears without further event.


The second phase:

 

After several weeks or months, skin lesions reappeared, joint pain frequently occur and may occur with chest pain, cardiac manifestations such view syncope. Quite serious heart problems may occur. Bacteria disrupts the electrical activity governing the functioning of the heart. The most common cardiac events evolve towards a full recovery without squeal. Can also produce neurological manifestations, inflammation of the nerve roots in the region of the bite, facial nerve pain and in some cases meningitis.


The third phase:

 

May occur months or years after the onset of the disease. Joint problems occur, demonstrations skin look purple buttons on the forehead and ears, they disappear spontaneously after a few months. Neurological manifestations, spinal cord or brain may be affected (neuropsychiatric). Stage three rarely occurs even in the absence of treatment.

 

Treatment of Lyme disease:

 

You should know that in the case of Lyme disease, most treatment is applied early, more rapid healing and complications will be avoided. In general, the treatment lasts 21 to 30 days. Several antibiotics can be prescribed as a conventional treatment. For adults (except during pregnancy and lactation) and children ages 9 and up, it is a treatment by oral doxycycline is most commonly introduced. It is also possible to prescribe cefuroxime axetil for people who can not administer doxycycline or facing an allergic reaction to penicillin. For children less than 9 years, treatment with amoxicillin is recommended. In the case of constraints, it is possible to replace this requirement with cefuroxime axetil. Individuals struggling with neurological, cardiac or joint require them to intravenous administration of antibiotics, such as ceftriaxone or cefotaxime. Taking hepatoprotective and probiotics is also necessary for the duration of treatment.

Antibiotics may have a lesser effect in people diagnosed late. They may therefore suffer from recurrent or persistent symptoms requiring a longer course of antibiotics.