Kidney Disease



Chronic renal failure: definition

The renal failure is a chronic general term that encompasses any illness, disorder/ condition of kidneys. The vital internal organs placed in upper abdomen are called kidneys. In general, people have two kidneys in the form of beans.

Common types of severe kidney disease:
• Acute renal failure
• Chronic renal failure

Quick diagnosis & treatment of several fundamental causes of chronic renal failure can avoid or slowdown the succession of severe kidney injure which lead to chronic renal failure or acute renal failure.

Chronic kidney disease: symptoms
The symptoms of chronic renal failure vary underlying causes. General symptoms may include:
• Cloudy or discolored urine
• Difficulty urinating
• Skin dry and irritated
• Easy bruising
• Fatigue
• Lack of urine odour
• Frequent urination
• Muscle cramps
• Painful urination
• Swelling of feet or ankles
• Urgent urination
• Vague symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, loss of appetite, or generally not feeling well.

Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening illness: Chronic renal failure can be caused by serious or life-threatening, such as kidney stones or kidney failure (renal failure).
• Blood clots in the urine or blood in the urine (hematuria)
• Bloody or black, tarry stools
• Confusion and disorientation
• Confusion or change in mental status or consciousness
• Decreased urination or absence of urination
• Flank pain that radiates or moves the lower abdomen, groin, lips or testicles
• High fever (over 101 degrees Fahrenheit) or chills
• Moderate to severe edema (swelling)
• Seizure
• Severe shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

Chronic renal failure: causes: Chronic renal failure can be caused by a multiple of fundamental diseases, obstruction, disorders, malignancy, infection, deformity, inflammation and the ingestion toxic. The causes are:
• Diabetes
• Nephritis and glomerulonephritis
• Hypertension
• Infections
• Drug abuse by intravenous (IV)
• Kidney cancer
• Overdose of certain medications
• Polycystic kidney disease
• Blood flow is reduced.
• Systemic lupus erythematosus
• Trauma
• Urinary tract obstruction

Chronic renal failure: risk factors: Chronic kidney disease could affect persons of every age and race. The risk factors include:
• Age over 65 years
• Diabetes
• Past of kidney disease of the family
• Heart disease
• High cholesterol, atherosclerosis (plaque buildup in the arteries) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
• Hypertension
• Drug abuse by intravenous (IV)
• Obesity
• Life-threatening
• Smoke

All people are not at risk of developing chronic renal failure. However, we can reduce our hazard of developing chronic renal failure:
• Following the recommendation of your doctor the use of medications for example NSAIDs
• Maintain a healthy weight
• Do not smoke
• Do not use recreational drugs and IV
• Normal health care

Chronic renal failure: treatment:

The treatment of chronic renal disease varies, the underlying disorder or condition. The goals of treatment are to cure the underlying disease, prevent excess fluid and waste accumulate in the body and prevent or slow the succession of kidney damage. The treatment of chronic renal failure also aims to minimize the complications of chronic renal failure.

General treatment of chronic renal failure: For all types and causes of chronic renal failure, treatment plans generally include:
• Low salt diet
• Monitoring and control of blood pressure
• Do not smoke or quit smoking
• Prompt treatment of bladder infections
• Regular medical care
• Weight loss as needed and maintaining a healthy weight

Other treatments for chronic renal failure: Some types of chronic renal failure may require one or more of the following:
• Diets that restrict fluids and proteins
• Diuretics to help remove damaged kidneys fluids
• Kidney dialysis to filter wastes from the blood, is used in advanced kidney disease leading to kidney failure.
• Kidney transplant may be an option for some people who have end-stage renal failure. Major surgical procedure that involves using a kidney from a healthy donor kidney to replace severely damaged.
• Drugs for balancing electrolytes in the body or to ensure adequate levels of vitamin, in particular vitamin D
• Reduction or elimination of some drugs that can be harmful to the kidneys

Chronic kidney disease: complications:
Chronic renal failure and their underlying causes can be serious and even fatal. You can reduce your risk of serious complications by seeking regular medical care and following the treatment plan of your health care professional designs for you. Complications of chronic renal failure may include:
• Anemia
• Congestive heart failure
• Electrolyte imbalance, including life-threatening levels of potassium
• Gastrointestinal tract bleeding
• Hypertension (high blood pressure)
• Renal
• Liver failure
• The pleural effusion (fluid around the lungs)
• Seizure
• Diseases