Hypertension

 

 

Risk of hypertension:


Hypertension can encourage the development of vascular disease, renal failure and heart can promote lower limb arthritis, angina, stroke and myocardial infarction. It can also cause brain damage or visual, destroying brain cells. The latter can also cause paralysis, dementia, loss of speech, loss of vision and, in the worst cases, death.


It is therefore important to monitor regularly, at least once a year after age 30. Considering that after 70 years, the risk of hypertension increases continuously.


It may be permanent (irreversible but less painful) or paroxysmal (temporary with some very painful episodes). As its measurement varies depending on the circumstances, this case concerns hypertensive for which the causes are cyclical (stress, anxiety, irregular sleep, change of pace ...).


Measure hypertension:


Your blood pressure is usually measured by your doctor during each visit. You can also measure yourself by using a sphygmomanometer. It comes in two figures:
• the first number indicates the systolic pressure. It corresponds to the voltage when the heart contracts in emptying;
• the second number is the diastolic pressure. It indicates when the heart fills by relaxing.

We consider that it is high from a measurement of 16/9, 5 (criteria of the World Health Organization).


Namely: the risk of hypertension may have hereditary causes. It can also be caused by a diet too rich, lack of physical activity, high stress involved in a smoking result, but also by the interaction of smoking and the pill.


Medical treatment:


Medications may prescribe your doctor will: diuretics, beta blockers, vasodilators or antihypertensive central. Decided by the treating physician should be monitored regularly and lasts for life. Indeed, a sudden stop when the treatment was diagnosed with hypertension causes a high risk of relapse.


Symptoms:


There are often no symptoms specific to that state. Only your doctor can tell you about your risk of hypertension. Some factors are yet to be taken into account and can be important indicators:
• morning headaches or overnight;
• consequent breathlessness and / or chest pain after physical exertion;
• frequent urination during the night;
• ringing in the ears.


Tips for reducing hypertension:


We must also take care of his lifestyle. Here are some tips for this purpose:
• stop smoking, or at least reduced. Smoking increases blood pressure and is one of the risk factors for hypertension;
• Avoid salty foods and meals. Excess salt is bad for health;
• watching your weight: the significant presence of fat clog or partially clog your arteries;
• eat a balanced diet and regular physical activity practice.