Beauty Care



Beauty Spots. The causes of and treatments:


Discoloration of the skin - one of the most painful diseases. Does not hurt, does not itch, but interferes with life! Get rid of age spots is more difficult than to get them. But ask yourself this question - do you know enough about the discoloration of the skin and do everything to spots did not appear to you?


Melanin - the pigment is a group formed in the skin, iris, human hairs. They define our photo type - skin color, eye color and hair. Their goal - the absorption of ultraviolet rays and protect the deeper layers of the skin from exposure. Brown and black melanin called eumelanin and yellow - pheomelanin.


Original condition of the skin, certain existing melanin in it, called the constitutional pigmentation. For example, the constitutional Caucasians have light skin color is determined by the content of pheomelanin. But is it worth it to go to the resort - the skin will become dark due to the reaction of melanin in the sun. And when our Caucasians God forbid sick vitiligo, then covered with milk stains, visible even on the skin of the snow-white hue. Such changes are called facultative pigmentation and hyper pigmentation, or violation of the uniformity of color of skin, age spots, is one of them.


Brown spots are different ...


Freckles - this is the type of pigmentation, however, perhaps the most innocent and is not without charm. These small otmetinki (the size of pinpricks to the head of a pin, and various shades - from golden brown to almost beige) occur in susceptible individuals to their formation, most blondes or redheads. Such a "selectivity" of the skin due to the specific nature of the light-skinned people: it is more responsive to UV light. In the spring, they showered their noses, cheeks and shoulders, for enhanced solar radiation triggers the production of melanin.

In fact, the freckles - it clots tanning which are not distributed properly because of uneven pigment cells. Therefore, in the cold season, they pale or disappear altogether. By the way, over the years, become less freckles - the body learns to take a more distributed sunstroke.

Age spots (lentigo, lentigiles seniles) - what is called "senile ripples." They come to a place of freckles, appearing on the hands, face, arms - those parts of the body that are subject to regular sun exposure. First lentigines may occur as early as 40 years old and is very concerned about women because the issue age and rather reluctant to give in disguise.


Melasma (chloasma, chloasma) - large pigmented areas that occur predominantly in young women in the forehead, temples, cheeks, upper lip. Lots of melasma usually irregular in shape and have a tendency to "come running", forming several small spots of one large. Sunlight triggers their appearance. It is a violation of skin pigmentation cause hormonal factors (including pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives), some medicines and cosmetics (eg, petroleum jelly, bergamot and citrus oils). Often, after the termination of pregnancy or taking pills melasma disappear spontaneously.


Moles (nevi, naevus) - these small spots with well-rounded edges may look glamorous, but pose a potential danger. They are congenital or develop over the years, but their appearance is the same failure of the skin: pigment cells become crowded in melanocytes (cells that produce melanin), and this number is the mole. Good news - the birthmark is in all human beings without exception. The bad news - in fact, they are benign tumors that can develop into malignant in adverse conditions.


White spots (vitiligo, vitiligo) - this mysterious skin disease can occur at any age. Sometimes areas affected by vitiligo small and almost invisible, but in some cases they cover the entire body. Pinkish or milky-white patches appear because in certain areas of the skin melanin stops. The causes of vitiligo, a science known. Presumably, it's in violation of the endocrine system. Vitiligo drastically changed color of Michael Jackson, and he was very unlucky - all men suffer from this disease is several times less than women.


Albinism (achromia) - a very severe form of congenital disorders of pigmentation, which is found in the fifties in a million. When albinism entire surface of the body is, in fact, spots - need cells are available, but it is not able to produce melanin. So the skin and hair of the albino is white, and his eyes - red. They are absolutely contraindicated in the sunlight, the skin just can not handle it. Albinos should be under constant medical supervision. Modern cosmetics and contact lenses to help them attract less attention to its strangeness.


What to do?


Treatment of age spots. How to get rid of age spots?


It is important not to forget that the dark spots - not only and not so much a cosmetic problem as a kind of indicator of the state of the body. If they appear suddenly and in appreciable numbers - should not run in a beauty salon, and for diagnostics.


Brown spots can be companions of diseases of internal organs (liver, kidneys, gall bladder), appear at sexually transmitted diseases and constant stress. In addition, hyperpigmentation cause even incorrectly compiled menu and the wrong skin care!


Unfortunately, after the determination of the causes of age spots and even eradicating the skin is not always able to return to their usual state. Can help her medicines and modern methods of aesthetic care.


And for the prevention and treatment of age spots is very important to protect the skin from the sun's radiation. Just avoid sunlight is not enough - you should regularly use funds with high protection factor and apply them uniformly.


Another aide to fight spot - Pharmacy bleach, which is present in the composition, such as hydroquinone or zinc lactate. However, they should be used with great care - having high efficiency and inhibits the formation of melanin in the cells, these creams also have a lot of side effects.

Also, your doctor may prescribe a course of a solution or cream, the active ingredient which is Retin-A (tretinoin), a stimulant of regeneration, reducing damage from sunlight and helps the skin renew. In addition, Retin-A is used to treat acne and acne.


If medical treatment of age spots not had the desired results, or for some reason you decided not to apply, you can go through and experience the cosmetic effect of intermediate or deep chemical peels, laser treatment (completely painless and gives immediate effect, but it can evenly cover the affected area) and phototherapy (probably the safest and most effective way to get rid of age spots).


Do not forget that each of the ways to combat hyper pigmentation has its own characteristics and contraindications. Do not take a decision without weighing all the pros and cons.